Honami Origami and Valuations

Some time ago I had a Fukuoka Ichimonji katana with a Honami Kochu origami that stated a value of 100 gold pieces for the blade. I did not think too heavily about it. A dealer from Japan happened to see the blade and pointed out the paper and he said “That valuation is very unusual, I never saw one like that.”

I thought for some years he was referring to the fact that it had a value on it at all, as I was mostly familiar with later Honami origami that didn’t have any value on them. Recently I encountered another one like this, and so I decided to look at whatever records I could find about Honami valuations and try to dig more deeply into the subject.

The Honami family

If you have gotten involved at all with swords then this name will have come up at some point. A short summary here is that they are a family of sword polishers and experts that have existed for centuries in Japan. We are most familiar with a set of head masters from the main line of the family, though there were many judges and polishers that belonged to the family.

The earliest Honami judge that we commonly encounter is Honami Kotoku who worked for Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu. He was the 9th master of the Honami family and is held in very high regard. He did not leave many origami behind but he left gold inscriptions in the nakago of blades he judged. We do not usually encounter these at Juyo but they are scattered among the Juyo Bijutsuhin through to Kokuho blades. Given who his clients were, the blades he touched were very important and the result of that is the placing of the blades today at high levels.

For a full reading of the Honami Family I recommend Markus Sesko’s book on the subject.

Key generations

If we are to scope down then and look at the main line who left us their testimony during the Edo period, this is what we’re going to see:

  1. Kotoku ca. 1570
  2. Koshitsu ~ 1615
  3. Koon ~ 1640
  4. Kojo ~ 1680
  5. Kochu ~ 1710
  6. Koyu ~ 1740
  7. Kojun ~ 1760
  8. Kokyu ~ 1780
  9. Koitsu ~ 1800

I will note again that there are many Honami active among various branches, but these were the heads of the main line with attributions we can frequently see among Juyo and higher swords.

About these men, there are praise and criticism. Honami Kochu is held as possibly the best judge among them or at the very least, the most reliable. All of the generations that precede him have accurate and strong attributions.

Starting with Koyu attributions start to get weaker and subject to some inaccuracy.

Low hanging fruit

There are some reasons for this, the first is due to “low hanging fruit.” By this understanding, whatever blades were hanging around Edo period Japan was a static pool that was left after the wars of the Muromachi period. The wars were periods in which capture, alliances, death, seizure of property, caused the pot to be stirred and swords to change owners. At the beginning of the Edo period with the country settling down, all of these methods to stir the pot are gone and the Honami under the control of the Tokugawa can begin a great work of assessing and attributing the various signed and unsigned blades parked wherever they landed after the wars.

From these were extracted great masterworks of Sadamune, Masamune, Yukimitsu, Go Yoshihiro, Samonji and various other Soshu smiths. These blades often unsigned when made for the warrior elite and also more prone to being used in fighting than older blades of Bizen and Yamashiro traditions. As such they represented more of a problem for the Honami to attribute and sort out.

One can imagine that over the first 100 years of the Tokugawa Shogunate that most of the best works of these smiths were rediscovered, polished, attributed, valued and given or received (or taken!) as gifts. But there is not an unending supply… just what exists and has been sitting there.

So with every decade there are fewer left undiscovered, though with a growing population, more need to find new blades by these makers as gift currency.

By the time we get to Koyu it means that the Honami were under some pressure to make high level attributions out of a shrinking pool of candidate blades.

This puts the head of the family between a rock (the Shogun and Daimyo) and a hard place (the reality of small quantities of high level unsigned blades left over).

Bear in mind this happens after 1700 and starting in the time of Honami Koyo. The practical solution to the problem is some combination of the following.

1. Exaggerate what you can find

In this, if a Shizu comes up, you can call it Masamune. If a Naoe Shizu comes up, you can call it Shizu. If a Taema comes up, you can call it Yukimitsu. This is basically fudging the measurement by putting your finger on the scale. History may end up looking at you as a weak judge, but it’s more a problem of corruption being forced on the Honami in order to satisfy the demands of their masters which are dealing with political and economic problems.

2. Elevate what was previously found

When the daimyo and Shogun exchange gifts, these often came as sets of tachi and katana, some of these being lower level blades and then sometimes in groups of two (daisho) or more blades in a single social visit. If you run out of quantity of blades, you can elevate the quality measurement to try to compensate.

As a result, a blade that may have had what seems to have been a maximum value of 100 gold coins might be elevated to 150 or 200 or more in some cases. The later the re-evaluation happened, the higher the value could go.

Now, there are a couple of exceptions to bear in mind. The first is that some adjustment of valuation is natural. If you are running out of great old blades and the demand is high, then of course the law of supply and demand will drive up the value of the best true examples. So some re-evaluation or reconsideration of value is natural and correct. Inflation is also a real thing no matter what you’re talking about and trying to maintain a fixed valuation of anything has never worked over human history.

3. If you’re stuck, make one

In some cases there are high level swords made in the early Edo period by the Horikawa Kunihiro school and Umetada school and their various branches that took Sadamune and Shizu as templates. As good koto blades ran out, some of those blades got tapped into, made to look suriage by removing the signature and filing it over. In this way you could produce a Soshu-like blade that could pass in an emergency as a gift. When you have fallen this far you are deep in the corruption territory. I don’t think this was done until the 1800s, but it was done.

Valuations

Valuations given by Kochu and prior generations appear to me to be made off of the same scale and for a sword that we would consider to be equivalent to Juyo Token, these appear to have grades in general between 1 and 100 pieces of gold. There are some rare cases that exceed these. These may not be literal values but some attempt to express relative importance of the blade. Any blade important enough to get a paper from Honami Kochu we could understand to be equivalent to Juyo in the modern period. To obtain a higher value would place it at the upper limit of Juyo and toward maximum value be equivalent to Tokubetsu Juyo. This is at least the way it would seem to be on its face to me, until later periods got carried away with increasing values outside of this scale.

Starting at the 14th generation Koyu, as well as the weaker attributions we start to see escalating valuations. The blades on the Kyoho Meibutsu Cho are the most famous blades in Japan in the Kyoho era (around 1700). Some of these blades have reported values as can be found in Yamanaka’s Nihonto Newsletters. Some of those valuations are very high and are unsourced. As such we need to take them with a grain of salt as they too were subject to escalating prices.

The effects of the period

As a result of natural increase as well as artificial inflation of value, we need to always try to constrain a valuation given for a particular sword to the time period in which the value was given. When I analyzed the data, though Koyu has a reputation for being a weaker judge, I do not see in the data a lot of reason to think he was a big part of the problem. There are a couple of question marks, but his valuations mostly look consistent with generations that came before him.

So we should at least look at his period of time and say that there is an era before this of fairly consistent valuations issued for swords, and then during and after his tenure the inflation begins to take off.

By the time we are in the 1800s, we are also dealing with a lot of accumulated change in the currency itself. Currency was devalued, the size of the oban coin changed, and so forth. This makes it very much and apples and oranges comparison when looking at middle 1700s and later valuations vs. those from the earlier period. I don’t think there is much of a fair correlation between the two.

Denomination

Honami valuation came in kan and in mai. The first are strings of copper coins and the second are gold coins. This introduces another difficulty, which is how to convert between one and the other. I have read that the Honami started to use kan in order to use higher numbers in their valuations but when we look at the time periods involved there is no pattern to the results that shows a shift from mai to kan as being a preferable reading. As in the current period, the relationship of the value of copper to gold is not fixed. So it is really not possible to make a clear statement that will apply to every year of the Edo period about the ratio of kan to mai and know for sure that it will hold true.

Since there is pretty much an even distribution of these denominations used for valuation, if we want to try to produce a list from high to low it is difficult to give a reliable result. What I have done for my method was simply to adopt Dr. Tokuno’s ratio which is 20 kan for 1 mai.

Data sources

I used all of the Juyo, Tokubetsu Juyo and Juyo Bijutsuhin swords (about around 13,000 swords in total) as one data source, and I added to this Yamanaka’s reports on the Kyoho Meibutsu Cho.

During early Juyo sessions, the NBTHK reported when a blade had Honami papers but they did not always report the value. This also depended on the owner of the sword to submit the Honami paper with the sword to Juyo. This is not something that was a habit. We need always to remember that Juyo when it was new, is a process that had to find its own way. Over time as the NBTHK published results with Honami papers, that encouraged others to submit. By the time Tokubetsu Juyo was introduced in the early 1970s, Honami papers were more often included with this higher level paper and photographed and displayed on the description that goes on the back side of the photograph.

Compared to these two papers, Juyo Bijutsuhin is a much older paper from another era and it was a real rarity that one of these would include photographs or mention of the Honami papers when present. As a result it was hard to get a lot of data out of that set of about 1000 blades.

Lastly, many papers are obviously lost now. People lose Juyo papers within years or decades of obtaining a blade, and sometimes this is through carelessness, or lost in the mail, or the owner died and the paper couldn’t be located, or any of a dozen reasons. The papers may exist somewhere and just be separated from the sword, or the papers could be destroyed.

So we need to understand that failure in the modern period and then realize that keeping a Honami origami side by side with a blade for 300 years requires perfect custodianship and care as well as luck. As you will see in the following list, fires from war and earthquake wiped out a lot of important blades. For every world class blade wiped out, a lot of very good blades went with it. Someone running for their life might also grab the family treasure sword, and not take time to go through the paperwork to find the origami.

For all of these reasons we need to understand how precious the Honami papers are, because they are in some cases the only remaining window we have into the past life of the sword. We can see if it was held in high regard or wonderment through these papers, and when we see centuries of careful custodianship it needs to make us put steel in our spines and make sure we don’t dishonor those who came before us by messing up what they were able to hand to us.

What I looked at

Now in analyzing the Juyo and Tokuju works, we need to understand the following categories:

  1. the vast majority of blades never had a Honami origami
  2. there are those that have origami and they are not mentioned because the owner never sent it in when the blade went in
  3. there are those that are mentioned but not described in detail in the Juyo and Tokuju descriptions
  4. there are those that list all the information on the Honami origami within the sword description
  5. there are those that have a photograph of the Honami origami that let me read the papers directly

Out of 11,852 Juyo papers issued, there are 11,648 swords that fall into category 1 and 2 combined.

There are 113 swords in category 3 of which 27 went on to pass Tokubetsu Juyo.

There are 91 swords in category 4 and 5 combined of which 18 went on to pass Tokubetsu Juyo.

At Tokubetsu Juyo origami were revealed which did not have valuation information on them. These are all in the first 3 sessions. 73 were revealed that had valuations on them. So by subtracting the numbers above, (73+3) – (27+18) = 31 of these swords had Honami origami that were not reported at the time of Juyo.

This number is useful to us because it lets us understand that when a blade went to Juyo, if it had a Honami paper then half the time the owner didn’t bother to send it in, at minimum. There may be some more Tokuju blades that didn’t have their paper go in, but since the NBTHK photographs them and it is known that the Honami origami is part of the package that is important to have when passing Tokuju, people have a very strong reason to send them in when they exist.

So if it holds that about 50% of the Honami origami were skipped over at the time of Juyo, it implies there are only about 400 swords with Honami origami out of the approx. 12,000 that passed Juyo.

This would imply then that roughly only about 3 swords out of 100 have a Honami Origami at this point in time.

These numbers surprised me, as I knew Honami origami were rare and precious but I did not know how rare.

I will say that almost all of the old Honami origami seem to have valuations on them as can be seen by the Tokuju report. Whenever an origami was photographed, it contained a valuation on it.

For Jubi, as mentioned they come from an older era and I was only able to directly confirm 5 blades with origami and valuation on them. At this point I confess I was getting pretty tired and I did not take the time to go through all of the Jubi on a fine print level. There are maybe more mentioned but my feeling is that the Honami origami were skipped over more often during the time that Jubi were actively being issued.

Yamanaka

Albert Yamanaka wrote up extensive comments on the Kyoho Meibutsucho and included valuations wherever he found them. Some of these are sourced by saying who did the valuation, and some are sourced with only a timeframe. If the timeframe was middle 1600s then it let me narrow it down to a guess at the judge who made the valuation. But since the summary and the comments did not always agree, some of those values had to have been inflated in the last half of the Edo period along with the fame of the blade.

Because of the unreliable and unattributed valuations in this section, I did two reports. One with only information that was sourced to the judge who made the valuation, and then a second one with whatever valuation data was available. So you should take anything without a judge named with a grain of salt.

A word on value

The swords on the Kyoho Meibutsucho are famous swords. Fame breeds its own value. The Fudo Masamune is a great example of Masamune’s work and it is also signed. This blade was purchased for 500 kan (about 25 gold coins). No further value was given for this blade, but as it became famous it no doubt increased in value though no value was further recorded.

Some of the blades on the Kyoho Meibutsucho are also not the strongest in their departments though they were famous and became even more famous by being on this list. As fame is a feedback loop, the more famous a blade got the more valuable it got. This is an explanation for the values spiralling up for the blades on this list even though some were of questionable quality.

Now, why are there better blades that exist that never got onto this list?

If the Honami come to your mansion to ask to see your best swords because he is making a list of the best swords in the country in order to show the Shogun, you are just as likely to show him a sacrificial lamb than the greatest masterpiece your family owns. Such reports back to the Shogun might invite a social call from the Shogun and with that, a request to see some nice swords… and from there you may find yourself on the giving end of a nice treasure.

Thus swords that were in hiding and private treasures of the clan in the Edo period had some incentive to stay hidden than to be published all over the country in terms of who had what and where. Maybe it’s better to hand over your second best Masamune to make it clear you do have a Masamune and are a man of standing, and then to keep the better one quiet.

But if your clan famously received one as a gift, then there is no sense in keeping that information secret and you might as well put it on the list. To make the point I can quote from the Token Bijutsu on a Masamune that was attributed by Honami Koshitsu, is genuine, but was hidden in the Edo period and has no papers now.

With the good balance in the hira-niku, the shape is graceful in spite of its suriage condition, and the inside of the ha has a lot of activity. This sword displays abundant beauty and energy. It is a surprising thing, that until now, this sword has had no title, but we can say that this is Okura-Shukokan’s secret treasure. This sword was donated by Maeda Toshitsune as a memorial for Honami Koshitsu’s parents to Shonakayama hokekyo Ji Gojunoto.

So we can see from this, keeping your mouth shut about a good thing was indeed an Edo period practice.

Summary

First to summarize, I found the following valuations that I could determine the maker, and then  some that were narrowed down via the date and guesswork. This possible additional count is in parenthesis. Bear in mind this is origami with valuation.

  1. Kotoku: 0, (1)
  2. Koshitsu: 1, (1)
  3. Koon: 21, (3)
  4. Kojo: 40, (10)
  5. Kochu: 74, (2)
  6. Koyu: 13, (1)
  7. Kojun: 2
  8. Kokyu: 1
  9. Koitsu: 1

There are another 118 valuations by repute, most of these are established by Yamanaka, and it is not clear who made them. For going through Yamanaka I have to thank my friend Nick Kolick who checked each of the individual records.

Signed valuations

These are the Edo period valuations that I can confirm in all of the published works available today with the judge clearly stated. The ranks of the blades, where it has a modern classification, are given and color coded. Judges that come at or after the middle Edo era inflation of prices are highlighted. Blades with names are stated, and if on the Kyoho Meibutsucho highlighted and prefixed with (M). Further notes are added if the blade appears to now be lost or destroyed. If the judge has a question mark after his name, the date of the appraisal is known and I assigned the closest family head to the time of the appraisal to the record. Take those with a grain of salt as they tend to be on the higher side and no name was attached to them. In some cases a blade carries an earlier valuation and a later one by known or unknown Honami judges who increased the value of the blade. If so they are sorted by the original value and the inflated value stated. It may be more accurate to sort by the inflated value. Final note, inflated value is not necessarily pejorative. As mentioned previously there are natural reasons for values to increase.

The following table has all of the reputed values I’ve been able to find out about. It is in text, the above is an image, but unfortunately it loses the color coding when I export from Apple’s Numbers (/casts dirty look at Apple).

An interesting note here is that the highest value I saw assigned to a blade was the Honebami Toshiro and it wasn’t a valuation. Rather it was a purchase price and it was outrageously high (3,000 gold pieces plus a stack of gifts). This blade has a long and interesting history, I will blog about it at some point. But it is a Naginata Naoshi and is unsigned, furthermore it was burned and has a new hamon put on it probably by Yasutsugu. But it has long been held to be work of Awataguchi Yoshimitsu and the blade is very beautiful with exquisite horimono. Its name means Bonecutter. Anyway the blade lost, found, lost and found… and one time spent a century or so in a castle moat before being found again. It was bought back by the family that held it prior to one of the times being lost, and that was the amount of money they had to cough up to get it back.

The second highest value blade on the list is the Wakasa Masamune, said to be 1,000 mai. I have had a chance to handle that blade in Japan. It is in rough condition now but is another blade with a long and flamboyant history.

These are reminders that treasure swords are not only treasures because of what they represent, but that they are historical artifacts. The exploits and stories surrounding a blade can be as important as the beauty, condition and artistic integrity of these blades when it comes to how they were valued in the Edo period. Sometimes when we view a blade these days that is in poor condition we can be dismissive, especially with our modern bias toward new and factory made goods that we dismiss after a year as obsolete and worn out. We can never look at swords like this but have to remember their centuries of service and the generations of warriors and warlords who came before us and treasured the blade. Without them we would not have the wealth of preserved items in this field that we have now, and we have to maintain this perspective.

MakerClassTypeJudgeValuationCoinMaiInflationNameNote
YoshimitsuJubunWakizashi3000mai3000(M) Honebami ToshiroBurned, also this is a paid price rather than a valuation.
MasamuneKatana1000mai1000(M) Wakasa Masamune
MasamuneJuyoKatanaKoyu700mai700Yakumo Masamune
MasamuneJubiKatana700mai700(M) Shikibu MasamuneDestroyed in WWII
MasamuneJuyoTanto700mai700(M) Komatsu Masamune
Go YoshihiroJuyoKatanaKoyu500mai500Origami lost
SadamuneWakizashi500mai500(M) Seppa SadamuneBurned
SadamuneJuyoWakizashi500mai500(M) Ujiya Sadamune
SadamuneJubunKatana500mai500(M) Futasujibi Sadamune
MasamuneWakizashi500mai500(M) Tsushima Masamune
MasamuneTanto500mai500(M) Okamoto Masamune
MasamuneWakizashi500mai500(M) Shuhan Masamune
YoshimitsuTanto9000kan450(M) Omori Toshiro
Go YoshihiroKatanaKoon?7000kan350(M) Hachiya Go
MasamuneJuyoKatana7000kan350(M) Goto Masamune
Rai KunitsuguTanto7000kan350(M) Aoki Rai Kunitsugu
MasamuneKatana7000kan350(M) Kotegiri Masamune
MasamuneKokuhoKatana7000kan350(M) Kanse Masamune
MasamuneKokuhoKatana7000kan350(M) Tarosaku Masamune
MasamuneKatana7000kan350(M) Suruga MasamuneLost
Go YoshihiroKatana7000kan350(M) Nabeshima Go
TaemaTanto7000kan350(M) Osaka TaemaLost
SadamuneTanto7000kan350(M) Kozuke Sadamune
YoshimitsuTanto7000kan350(M) Higuchi Toshiro
MasamuneKatana350mai350(M) Akita MasamuneLost
MasamuneTanto7000kan350(M) Maeda Masamune
Go YoshihiroKatanaKoon300mai300500(M) Uesugi Go
Go YoshihiroJubunKatanaKojo?300mai300(M) Kuwana Go
SadamuneTantoKojo?300mai300(M) Naraya Sadamune
MasamuneTantoKojo?300mai300(M) Wakayama Masamune
MasamuneJubunTantoKojo?300mai300(M) Fushimi Masamune
MasamuneKokuhoKatana300mai300(M) Nakatsukasa Masamune
Rai KunimitsuTanto300mai300(M) Goto Kunimitsu
TaemaJubiTanto300mai300(M) Kanbe Taema
SadamuneJubunWakizashi300mai300(M) Ikeda Sadamune
Rai MitsukaneTokujuTanto300mai300(M) Kuwayama Mitsukane
Rai MitsukaneJubunTanto300mai300(M) Midare Mitsuane
MasamuneTanto300mai300(M) Ouchi Masamune
YoshimitsuTanto300mai300(M) Shumei ToshiroLost
MasamuneTanto300mai300(M) Fuma Masamune
MasamuneJuyoTanto300mai300(M) Kanamori Masamune
Go YoshihiroJuyoKatanaKojo?5000kan250(M) Nakagawa Go
IchimonjiTokujuTachiKoitsu250mai250
MasamuneJubiKatana5000kan250(M) Musashi Masamune
Go YoshihiroKatana250mai250(M) Samidare Go
Rai KunitsuguTanto5000kan250(M) Minamoto Rai KunitsuguLost
SadamuneJubunWakizashi5000kan250(M) Shuhan Sadamune
SamonjiJubiKatana5000kan250(M) Junkei Samonji
MasamuneJubunKatanaKoon?200mai200(M) Ikeda Masamune
SadamuneTantoKoon?200mai200(M) Nagamei SadamuneLost
TaemaTokujuTantoKojo200mai200250(M) Kanbe Taema
Gojo KuninagaTachiKochu?200mai200(M) Tsurumaru Kuninaga
Shintogo KunimitsuKokuhoTantoKochu?200mai200(M) Aizu Shintogo
Go YoshihiroKatana200mai200(M) Kii GoLost
Go YoshihiroKatana200mai200(M) Kozuke Go
Rai KunitsuguTanto200mai200(M) Togawa Rai KunitsuguLost
Rai KunitsuguTanto200mai200(M) Masuda Rai Kunitsugu
Bungo YukihiraWakizashi200mai200(M) Honda Yukihira
YoshimitsuTanto200mai200(M) Hakaga Toshiro
MasamuneKatana200mai200(M) Shimazu Masamune
Go YoshihiroKatana200mai200(M) Matsui Go
Rai KunimitsuWakizashi200mai200(M) Arami Rai Kunimitsu
SadamuneKokuhoKatana200mai200(M) Kikko Sadamune
NagamitsuKokuhoTachi200mai200(M) Tsuda Totomi Nagamitsu
SamonjiKatana200mai200(M) Cho Samonji
YoshimitsuTanto200mai200(M) Shiokawa Toshiro
MasamuneTanto200mai200(M) Kuroda Masamune
MasamuneTanto200mai200(M) Futasujibi Masamune
MasamuneKatana200mai200(M) Ishino Masamune
MasamuneKatana200mai200(M) Sasatsukuri MasamuneLost
MasamuneKatana200mai200(M) Fushimi MasamuneLost
MasamuneTanto200mai200(M) Doi MasamuneLost
Niji KunitoshiTokujuKatanaKoyu3000kan150
KanemitsuJuyoTantoTadaaki150mai150
Soshu YukimitsuJuyoTantoKochu3000kan150(M) Goto Yukimitsu
Go YoshihiroKatana150mai150200(M) Masuya Go
Rai KuniyukiWakizashi3000kan150(M) Akita KuniyukiLost
Rai KunimitsuTanto3000kan150(M) Ikeda Rai Kunimitsu
SadamuneJubunWakizashi3000kan150(M) Monoyoshi Sadamune
SadamuneWakizashi3000kan150(M) Kitanosho SadamuneLost
SadamuneKokuhoTanto3000kan150(M) Taikogane Sadamune
SadamuneKatana3000kan150(M) Ohoridashi Sadamune
SadamuneJubunKatana3000kan150(M) Kiriba Sadamune
ShizuJubunTanto3000kan150(M) Inaba Shizu
YoshimitsuTanto3000kan150(M) Ashikaga ToshiroLost
YoshimitsuTanto3000kan150(M) Shimizu Toshiro
YoshimitsuTanto150mai150(M) Nabeshima Toshiro
MasamuneJubunTanto3000kan150(M) Ichian Masamune
MasamuneWakizashi3000kan150(M) Koike Masamune
MasamuneTanto3000kan150(M) Sozui Masamune
MasamuneWakizashiKoho?130mai130200(M) Mori Masamune
SamonjiKatana130mai130(M) Ise Samonji
SadamuneTanto130mai130(M) Soki SadamuneBurned and Lost
Soshu YukimitsuJubiTanto130mai130(M) Sato Yukimitsu
ShizuTanto130mai130(M) Togawa Shizu
SamonjiKatana130mai130(M) Onishi Samonji
Sa YasuyoshiWakizashi130mai130(M) Matsuura Yasuyoshi
MasamuneTokujuTantoKoon100mai100Taga Masamune
Go YoshihiroKatanaKojo?100mai100200(M) Kotegiri Go
IchimonjiTachiKojo?100mai100(M) Doyo Ichimonji
YoshimitsuTokujuTantoKochu100mai100
TaemaJuyoTantoKochu100mai100
Niji KunitoshiTokujuTachiKochu100mai100
MitsutadaTokujuTachiKochu100mai100
IchimonjiJuyoKatanaKochu100mai100
SadamuneJuyoKatanaKochu100mai100500
Yoshioka IchimonjiTokujuTachiKoshitsu100mai100500
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuWakizashiKochu; Koshitsu100mai100(M) Oshima Yukimitsu
Rai KunitoshiTantoKotoku100mai100(M) Taishiya KuniyoshiBurned
Awataguchi KunitsunaTachi100mai100(M) O-KunitsunaBurned and Lost
NorishigeTanto100mai100(M) Akita NorishigeBurned and Lost
MasamuneKokuhoTanto100mai100(M) Hocho Masamune (Suken)
Go YoshihiroTanto100mai100(M) Hasegawa GoDestroyed in WWII
Niji KunitoshiJubunTanto100mai100(M) Aizen Kunitoshi
Rai KunimitsuTanto100mai100(M) Shiokawa Rai Kunimitsu
SadamuneWakizashi100mai100(M) Bessho Sadamune
SadamuneJubunWakizashi100mai100(M) Saimura Sadamune
SamonjiKatana100mai100(M) Oda SamonjiBurned and Lost
Sa YasuyoshiJubunWakizashi100mai100(M) Hitosuyanagi Yasuyoshi
Naoe Shizu KanetsuguJuyoKatanaKoyu1500kan75
TaemaWakizashiKojo?1500kan75(M) Natagiri TaemaLost
Osagawa MasamuneJuyoTantoKojo1500kan75500Fudo Masamune (lesser known)
NorishigeTokujuKatanaKochu1500kan75Origami lost
NorifusaTokujuKatanaKochu1500kan75
Rai KunimitsuTokujuTantoKochu1500kan75
Go YoshihiroKatanaKotoku1500kan75250(M) Kitano Go
ShizuJubunKatana1500kan75(M) Wakebe Shizu
ShizuKatana1500kan75(M) Kuwayama ShizuLost
KanemitsuTanto1500kan75(M) Yoshida Kanemitsu
MasamuneJubiKatanaKochu70mai70(M) Shikibu Masamune
Shintogo KunimitsuTokujuKatanaKochu70mai70
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuKatanaKochu70mai70
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuTantoKochu70mai70
YoshimitsuTanto70mai70(M) Iwakiri Toshiro
Niji KunitoshiJubiKodachi60mai60(M) Torikai Kunitoshi
Takagi SadamuneKatana60mai60(M) O-Nami TakagiLost
KanemitsuTachi60mai60(M) O-Kanemitsu
KanemitsuKatana60mai60(M) Soma KanemitsuLost
YoshimitsuTanto60mai60(M) MIdare Toshiro
MasamuneJuyoKatanaKoyu50mai50
Hatakeda MoriieJuyoKatanaKoyu50mai50
KunitsunaJuyoKatanaKochu1000kan50
YasuhiroJuyoTachiKochu1000kan50
Saeki NorishigeTokujuTantoKochu1000kan50
Rai KuniyukiTokujuTachiKochu1000kan50
Saeki NorishigeTokujuTantoKochu1000kan50
MasamuneTokujuKatanaKokyu; Ringa50mai50
Go YoshihiroJuyoKatanaKojun50mai50
MasamuneKatanaKojun1000kan50(M) Fukushima Masamune
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuKatanaShobei1000kan50
NagamitsuTachi1000kan50(M) Aoya Nagamitsu
MasamuneTanto1000kan50(M) Kodama MasamuneLost
Rai KunitsuguTanto1000kan50150(M) Torigai Rai Kunitsugu
HiromitsuJubiKatana1000kan50(M) O-Kurikara Hiromitsu
IchimonjiTachi1000kan5075(M) Asai IchimonjiBurned and Lost
KanemitsuJubiKatana1000kan50(M) Namiyogi Kanemitsu
SamonjiTanto1000kan50(M) Kusonoki Samonji
SamonjiKatana1000kan50(M) Ikoma SamonjiLost
Sa YasuyoshiJubunTanto1000kan50(M) Heki Buzen Yasuyoshi
Go YoshihiroTokujuKatanaKoyu700kan35
Rai KunimitsuTokujuKatanaKoon35mai35
MotoshigeJuyoKatanaKoon35mai35Omori Motoshige
SaJuyoKatanaKoon35mai35
KuniyukiJuyoTachiKojo700kan35
Sa YoshihiroTokujuTachiKochu35mai35
ShizuJuyoTantoKochu700kan35
KunitokiJuyoKatanaKochu700kan35
SukezaneTokujuKatanaKochu700kan35
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuTantoKochu700kan35100(M) Fudo Yukimitsu
SadazaneTokujuTachiKochu700kan35
KanemitsuTokujuKatanaKochu700kan35
AoeTokujuKatanaKochu700kan35
NagamitsuTokujuTachiKochu700kan35
Niji KunitoshiJubiKatanaKochu35mai35
MasamuneJuyoTantoKoyu30mai30
Soshu YukimitsuJuyoTantoKoyu30mai30
SadamuneJuyoWakizashiKoon30mai30
SaJuyoKatanaKojo30mai30
KaneujiTokujuKatanaKochu30mai30
HoshoTokujuKatanaKochu30mai30
KanemitsuTokujuKatanaKochu30mai30
SadatoshiTokujuTachiKochu30mai30
Mihara MasahiroJuyoKatana1764, Koyu?30mai30
KagemitsuTokujuKatanaKochu; Kojo30mai30
MasamuneKokuhoTanto30mai30(M) Hocho Masamune (Sukashi)
NagamitsuJubunKodachi30mai30(M) Hachiya Nagamitsu
Niji KunitoshiJuyoKatanaKoyu25mai25
NorikuniTokujuTantoKoon25mai25
KuniyoshiTokujuTantoKoon25mai25
SadamuneTokujuKatanaKoon25mai25
SamonjiJubunTantoKojo?500kan2575(M) Sayo Samonji
Rai KunitoshiTokujuTachiKojo500kan25
KanemitsuTokujuKatanaKojo500kan25
Rai KunimitsuJuyoKatanaKojo500kan25
AoeTokujuWakizashiKochu25mai25
AoeJuyoWakizashiKochu500kan25
Rai KunitoshiJuyoTantoKochu500kan25
NagamitsuTokujuTachiKochu500kan25
KenchoTokujuKatanaKochu500kan25
HasebeKokuhoKatanaKotoku?500kan25(M) Heshikiri Hasebe
HoshoJubunTanto500kan25(M) Kuwayama Hosho
RyokaiTanto500kan25(M) Tawaraya Ryokai
RyokaiJubunTanto25mai25(M) Akita Ryokai
HoshoKokuhoTanto500kan25(M) Kuwayama Hosho
NagamitsuJubunKodachi25mai25(M) Kannagiri Nagamitsu
MasamuneJubunTanto500kan25(M) Fudo MasamunePurchase price.
Rai KuninagaTokujuKatanaKoyu20mai20
Niji KunitoshiTokujuKatanaKoon20mai20
NobukuniTokujuWakizashiKojo20mai20
KanemitsuTokujuKatanaKojo20mai20
KanemitsuTokujuTantoKojo20mai20
RyokaiJuyoKatanaKochu20mai20
KanemitsuJuyoTachiKochu20mai20
MitsutadaTokujuKatanaKochu20mai20
KanenagaTokujuTachiKochu20mai20
KanehiraTokujuTachiKochu20mai20
AoeTokujuKatanaKochu20mai20
Sa HiroyasuTokujuKatanaKochu20mai20
ChogiTokujuWakizashiKochu20mai20
ShizuKatana20mai20(M) Ataki Shizu
Tegai KanenagaTachi20mai20(M) Shirogashi Kanenaga
NagamitsuJubiTachiKojo350kan17.5Azuki Nagamitsu
Sanjo YoshiieJuyoKatanaKojo350kan17.5
DaishinboJuyoTantoKojo350kan17.5
MotoshigeJuyoTachiKojo350kan17.5
ChikakageJuyoKatanaKochu350kan17.5
SadatsuguJuyoKatanaKoon; Ringa; Koson17mai17
Rai KunizaneJuyoKatanaKoyu15mai15
Soshu YukimitsuTokujuTantoKoon15mai15
Rin TomomitsuTokujuKatanaKojo15mai15
Rai KuninagaTokujuWakizashiKojo15mai15
AkihiroTokujuWakizashiKojo15mai15
NobukuniJuyoKatanaKojo15mai15
Nakajima-RaiJuyoWakizashiKochu15mai15
HidemitsuJuyoTachiKochu15mai15
KaneujiJuyoKatanaKochu15mai15
SenjuinTokujuKatanaKochu15mai15
ChikakageTokujuTachiKochu15mai15
KanemitsuTokujuKatanaKochu15mai15
Soshu YukimitsuJuyoWakizashiKojo; Koson15mai15
MasamuneTokujuKatana15mai15(M) Ogaki Masamune
Hasebe KunishigeJuyoWakizashiKojo13mai13
NagamitsuJuyoWakizashiKojo13mai13
Sagami YoshihiroJuyoTachiKochu13mai13
Niji KunitoshiJubiKatanaKochu13mai13
MotoshigeJuyoKatanaKochu13mai13
Harima IenagaJuyoTachiKochu13mai13
Rai KunitsuguJuyoTantoKochu12mai12
Rai KunitoshiTokujuKatanaKoon10mai10
ShinkiJuyoKatanaKoon10mai10
HasebeJuyoWakizashiKojo10mai10
SukemoriTokujuTachiKojo10mai10
ShigetsuneTokujuTachiKojo10mai10
Shintogo KunimitsuJuyoTantoKojo10mai10
Sekishu NaotsunaJuyoKatanaKojo10mai10
UnshoJuyoKatanaKojo10mai10
Go YoshihiroJubiKatanaKojo10mai10350(M) Yokosuka Go
HojuJuyoKatanaKochu10mai10
Ko-MiharaJuyoKatanaKochu10mai10
ShikkakeTokujuKatanaKochu10mai10
TaemaTanto10mai10(M) Murakumo TaemaLost
Ichimonji YoshifusaTokujuTachiKoon8mai8
MotoshigeJuyoKatanaKoon150kan7.5
Kiku-gyo-sakuTokujuTachiKojo150kan7.5
ChikakageTokujuKatanaKojo150kan7.5
Rai KunitoshiJuyoTantoKojo150kan7.5
TsunetsuguJuyoKatanaKojo150kan7.5
NagamitsuJuyoWakizashiKojo150kan7.5
SanenagaJuyoTachiKojo150kan7.5
NagamitsuJuyoKatanaKojo150kan7.5
Aoe ShigetsuguJubiTachiKochu150kan7.5
YoshimitsuJuyoKatanaKochu150kan7.5
RyokaiTokujuTachiKochu150kan7.5
Ko-Bizen YukimitsuTokujuTachiKochu150kan7.5
MasamitsuTokujuTachiKochu150kan7.5
Kozori YukimitsuJuyoTachiKoyu7mai7
KuniyoshiTokujuTantoKoon7mai7
NaganoriJuyoTachiKoon7mai7
MotoshigeJuyoKatanaKochu7mai7
TsuguyoshiJuyoTantoKochu7mai7
SuketsuguJuyoTachiKochu7mai7
Magosaemon NobukuniJuyoTantoKochu6mai6
Hasebe KuninobuTokujuTachiKochu6mai6
Yamato ShizuJuyoKatanaKoon5mai5
Bungo YukihiraTokujuTachiKoon5mai5
SadatsuguJuyoWakizashiKoon5mai5
NobukuniJuyoWakizashiKoon5mai5
TochikaTokujuTachiKojo5mai5
MotoshigeTokujuKatanaKojo5mai5
UnjuJuyoWakizashiKojo5mai5
Rin TomomitsuJuyoWakizashiKojo5mai5
Sue-SaJuyoKatanaKojo5mai5
Magosaemon NobukuniJuyoTachiKochu5mai5
AoeJuyoKatanaKochu5mai5
UjifusaJuyoKatanaKoshitsu?100kan5(M) Iwakiri Kaifu
SairenTokujuKatanaKojo50kan2.5

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